5TH GRADE NUMBER

Over 160 5th Grade Math Centers for Number, Geometry, Measurement and Data



This page provides sample 5th Grade Number tasks and games from our
5
th Grade Math Centers eBook.  Try out the samples listed in blue under each Common Core State Standard or download the 5th Grade Math Centers eBook and have all the 5th Grade Number, Geometry, Measurement and Data Centers you’ll need for the entire school year in one convenient digital file.  With over 160 easy-prep, engaging centers this resource will simplify your lesson planning and make hands-on math instruction an integral part of your classroom.
Teaching in a state that is implementing their own specific math standards?  Download our 5th Grade Correlations document for cross-referenced tables outlining the alignment of each state's standards with the CCSS-M, as well as the page numbers in our 5th Grade Math Centers eBook related to each standard.

OPERATIONS AND ALGEBRAIC THINKING

Write and interpret numerical expressions

5.OA.A.1 Use parentheses, brackets, or braces in numerical expressions, and evaluate expressions with these symbols.

Target Number Dash
Numerical Expressions Clock

Also included in 5th Grade Math Centers

5.OA.A.2 Write simple expressions that record calculations with numbers, and interpret numerical expressions without evaluating them. For example, express the calculation “add 8 and 7, then multiply by 2” as 2 x (8+7). Recognize that 3 x (18932 + 921) is three times as large as 18932 + 921, without having to calculate the indicated sum or product.

Equivalent Expressions Match

Analyze patterns and relationships

5.OA.B.3 Generate two numerical patterns using two given rules. Identify apparent relationships between corresponding terms. Form ordered pairs consisting of corresponding terms from the two patterns, and graph the ordered pairs on a coordinate plane. For example, given the rule “Add 3” and the starting number 0, generate terms in the resulting sequences, and observe that the terms in one sequence are twice the corresponding terms in the other sequence. Explain informally why this is so.

Patterns on the Coordinate Plane Task Cards

NUMBER AND OPERATIONS IN BASE TEN

Understand the place value system

5.NBT.A.1 Recognize that in a multi-digit number, a digit in one place represents 10 times as much as it represents in the place to its right and 1/10 of what it represents in the place to its left.

Place Value Concentration

Also included in 5th Grade Math Centers



5.OA.A.1 How Many Expressions?
5.OA.B.3 Patterns on the Coordinate Plane Task Cards



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5.NBT.A.2 Explain patterns in the number of zeros of the product when multiplying a number by powers of 10, and explain patterns in the placement of the decimal point when a decimal is multiplied or divided by a power of 10. Use whole-number exponents to denote powers of 10.

Multiplying a Whole Number by a Power of 10
Multiplying a Decimal by a Power of 10

Also included in 5th Grade Math Centers

5.NBT.A.3 Read, write and compare decimals to thousandths.
a. read and write decimals to thousandths using base-ten numerals, number names, and expanded form, e.g. 347.392 = 3x100 + 4x10 + 7x1 + 3 x (1/10) + 9 x (1/100) + 2 x (1/1000)

Hunt for Decimals
Representing Decimals 

Also included in 5th Grade Math Centers

b. Compare two decimals to thousandths based on meanings of the digits in each place, using>, =, and < symbols to record the results of comparisons.

Comparing Decimals

Also included in 5th Grade Math Centers

5.NBT.A.4 Use place value understanding to round decimals to any place.

Rounding Decimals on a Number Line (v. 1)
Roll and Round (nearest tenth)

Also included in 5th Grade Math Centers

Perform operations with multi-digit whole numbers and with decimals to hundredths

5.NBT.B.5 Fluently multiply multi-digit whole numbers using the standard algorithm.

Multiplication Race (2 x 3-digit)
Make the Largest Product (3 x 2-digit)

Also included in 5th Grade Math Centers

5.NBT.B.6 Find whole-number quotients of whole numbers with up to four-digit dividends and two-digit divisors, using strategies based on place value, the properties of operations, and/or the relationship between multiplication and division. Illustrate and explain the calculation by  using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models.

Division Strategy: Partial Quotients (v. 3)  
Estimate the Quotient (v. 2)
Write It, Solve It, Check It! (v. 3)

Also included in 5th Grade Math Centers

5.NBT.B.7 Add, subtract, multiply, and divide decimals to hundredths, using concrete models or drawings and strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction, relate the strategy to a written method and explain the reasoning used.

Decimal Animals
Decimal Magic Squares
Multiplying Decimals

Word Problems: Decimals (Multiplication)
Literature Link Task Card: 365 Penguins

Also included in 5th Grade Math Centers


5.NBT.A.3 Decimal Pairs

5.NBT.A.4 Roll and Round: Nearest Hundredth

5.NBT.B.7 Multiplying Decimals (whole x tenths)

  MORE 5TH GRADE RESOURCES

5th Grade Math Bundle: Packed with resources for the 5th Grade classroom
5th Grade Math Journals
Math Puzzles, Patterns and Explorations for Grades 3-5
Grades 3-5 Math Tool Kit
Multiplication and Division Strategies to build fact fluency

NUMBER AND OPERATIONS: FRACTIONS

Use equivalent fractions as a strategy to add and subtract fractions

5.NF.A.1 Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators (including mixed numbers) by replacing given fractions with equivalent fractions in such a way as to produce an equivalent sum or differences of fractions with like denominators.

Create Equivalent Fractions to Add Unlike Fractions 
Create Equivalent Fractions to Subtract Unlike Fractions
Closest to 25

Also included in 5th Grade Math Centers

5.NF.A.2 Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions referring to the same whole, including cases of unlike denominators, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. Use benchmark fractions and number sense of fractions to estimate mentally and assess the reasonableness of answers. For example, recognize an incorrect result 2/5 + ½ = 3/7 by observing that 3/7 < ½.

Word Problems: Adding Mixed Numbers 

Create and Solve: Adding Unlike Fractions
Create and Solve: Subtracting Unlike Fractions
The Wishing Club (v. 1)
The Wishing Club (v. 2)

Also included in 5th Grade Math Centers


5.NF.A.1 Magic Squares: Fractions



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Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division to multiply and divide fractions

5.NF.B.3 Interpret a fraction as division of the numerator by the denominator (a/b = a ÷ b). Solve word problems involving division of whole numbers leading to answers in the form of fractions or mixed numbers, e.g. by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem.

Interpret Fractions as Division

Also included in 5th Grade Math Centers

5.NF.B.4 Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction or whole number by a fraction.
a. Interpret the product (a/b) x q as a parts of a partition of q into b equal parts; equivalently, as the result of a sequence of operations a x q÷b. For example, use a visual fraction model to show (2/3) x 4 = 8/3, and create a story context for this equation. Do the same with (2/3) x (4/5) = 8/15. (In general, (a/b) x (c/d) = ac/bd)

Multiply Unit Fractions by Non-Unit Fractions
Find a Fractional Part of a Group (v. 1)

Also included in 5th Grade Math Centers

b. Find the area of a rectangle with fractional side lengths by tiling it with unit squares of the appropriate unit fraction side lengths and show that the area is the same as would be found by multiplying the side lengths. Multiply fractional side lengths to find areas of rectangles, and represent fraction products as rectangular areas.

Find Areas of Rectangles

Also included in 5th Grade Math Centers

5.NF.B.5 Interpret multiplication as scaling (resizing) by: 
a. Comparing the size of a product to the size of one factor on the basis of the size of the other factor, without performing the indicated multiplication.

b. Explaining why multiplying a given number by a fraction greater than 1 results in a product greater than the given number; explaining why multiplying a given number by a fraction less than 1 results in a product smaller than the given number, and relating the principle of fraction equivalence a/b= nxa)/(nxb) to the effect of multiplying a/b x 1.

Comparing Factors and Products

5.NF.B.6 Solve real world problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers, e.g. by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem.

Mixed Number x Fraction Models
Whole Number x Mixed Number Models
Literature Link: The Lion's Share

Also included in 5th Grade Math Centers

5.NF.B.7 Apply and extend previous understandings of division to divide unit fractions by whole numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions.
a. Interpret division of a unit fraction by a non-zero whole number and compute such quotients. For example, create a story context for (1/3)÷4, and use a visual fraction model to show the quotient. Use the relationship between multiplication and division to explain that (1/3)÷4  = 1/12 because (1/12) x 4 = 1/3.

Divide a Unit Fraction by a Whole Number

b. Interpret division of a whole number by a unit fraction, and compute such quotients. For example, create a story context for 4÷(1/5), and use a visual fraction model to show the quotient. Use the relationship between multiplication and division to explain that 4 ÷ (1/5) =20 because 20 x (1/5 )=4.

Divide a Whole Number by a Unit Fraction (v. 1)
Divide a Whole Number by a Unit Fraction (v. 2)

c. Solve real world problems involving division of unit fractions by non-zero whole numbers and division of whole numbers by unit fractions, e.g. by using visual fraction models and equations to represent the problem. For example, how much chocolate will each person get if 3 people share 1/2lb of chocolate equally? How many 1/3-cup servings are in 2 cups of raisins?

Included in 5th Grade Math Centers