This page provides sample 5th Grade Number tasks and games from our 5th Grade Math Centers eBook. Try out the samples listed in blue under each Common Core State Standard or download the 5th Grade Math Centers eBook and have all the 5th Grade Number, Geometry, Measurement and Data Centers you’ll need for the entire school year in one convenient digital file. With over 170 easy-prep, engaging centers this resource will simplify your lesson planning and make hands-on math instruction an integral part of your classroom.
Teaching in a state that is implementing their own specific math standards? Download our 5th Grade Correlations document for cross-referenced tables outlining the alignment of each state's standards with the CCSS-M, as well as the page numbers in our 5th Grade Math Centers eBook related to each standard.
Analyze patterns and relationships
5.OA.A.2 Write simple expressions that record calculations with numbers, and interpret numerical expressions without evaluating them. For example, express the calculation “add 8 and 7, then multiply by 2” as 2 x (8+7). Recognize that 3 x (18932 + 921) is three times as large as 18932 + 921, without having to calculate the indicated sum or product.
5th Grade Math Centers
5.OA.B.3 Generate two numerical patterns using two given rules. Identify apparent relationships between corresponding terms. Form ordered pairs consisting of corresponding terms from the two patterns, and graph the ordered pairs on a coordinate plane. For example, given the rule “Add 3” and the starting number 0, generate terms in the resulting sequences, and observe that the terms in one sequence are twice the corresponding terms in the other sequence. Explain informally why this is so.
Understand the place value system
5.NBT.A.1 Recognize that in a multi-digit number, a digit in one place represents 10 times as much as it represents in the place to its right and 1/10 of what it represents in the place to its left.5th Grade Math Centers
5.NBT.A.2 Explain patterns in the number of zeros of the product when multiplying a number by powers of 10, and explain patterns in the placement of the decimal point when a decimal is multiplied or divided by a power of 10. Use whole-number exponents to denote powers of 10.
Multiplying a Whole Number by a Power of 10
Multiplying a Decimal by a Power of 10
Perform operations with multi-digit whole numbers and with decimals to hundredths
5.NBT.B.5 Fluently multiply multi-digit whole numbers using the standard algorithm.
5.NBT.B.6 Find whole-number quotients of whole numbers with up to four-digit dividends and two-digit divisors, using strategies based on place value, the properties of operations, and/or the relationship between multiplication and division. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models.
Division Strategy: Multiplying Up
Estimate the Quotient
Use equivalent fractions as a strategy to add and subtract fractions
5.NF.A.1 Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators (including mixed numbers) by replacing given fractions with equivalent fractions in such a way as to produce an equivalent sum or differences of fractions with like denominators.
Also included in 5th Grade Math Centers
5.NF.A.2 Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions referring to the same whole, including cases of unlike denominators, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. Use benchmark fractions and number sense of fractions to estimate mentally and assess the reasonableness of answers. For example, recognize an incorrect result 2/5 + ½ = 3/7 by observing that 3/7 < ½.
Word Problems: Add and Subtract Fractions
Literature Link: The Wishing Club (v.1)
Literature Link: The Wishing Club (v.2)
Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division to multiply and divide fractions
5.NF.B.3 Interpret a fraction as division of the numerator by the denominator (a/b = a ÷ b). Solve word problems involving division of whole numbers leading to answers in the form of fractions or mixed numbers, e.g. by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem.
Word Problems: Fractions and Mixed Number Quotients
5.NF.B.4 Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction or whole number by a fraction.
a. Interpret the product (a/b) x q as a parts of a partition of q into b equal parts; equivalently, as the result of a sequence of operations a x q÷b. For example, use a visual fraction model to show (2/3) x 4 = 8/3, and create a story context for this equation. Do the same with (2/3) x (4/5) = 8/15. (In general, (a/b) x (c/d) = ac/bd)
Multiply Unit Fractions by Non-Unit Fractions
Find a Fractional Part of a Group (v. 1)
5.NF.B.6 Solve real world problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers, e.g. by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem.
Mixed Number x Fraction Models
Whole Number x Mixed Number Models
Literature Link: The Lion's Share
5.NF.B.7 Apply and extend previous understandings of division to divide unit fractions by whole numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions.
a. Interpret division of a unit fraction by a non-zero whole number and compute such quotients. For example, create a story context for (1/3)÷4, and use a visual fraction model to show the quotient. Use the relationship between multiplication and division to explain that (1/3)÷4 = 1/12 because (1/12) x 4 = 1/3.
Divide a Unit Fraction by a Whole Number