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Kindergarten Math Activities: Number

Free Number Puzzles

This page provides examples of Kindergarten Number Activities aligned with the Common Core State Standards. All activities are suitable for use in  Math Centers, small group or whole class settings and are designed to  provide opportunities for students to communicate their reasoning and  mathematical thinking. All files for the Kindergarten Number Activities listed are in PDF format and can be accessed using Adobe Reader.


Know number names and count sequence
Count to 100 by ones and by tens.

Possible Activities:
Number Puzzles 1-10
Build Five Towers
Roll and Fill
Roll and Cover (1-10)
Roll and Cover (1-20)
Missing Number Game
Counting Rhymes
Counting Read Alouds


K. CC.2 Count forward beginning from a given number within the known sequence (instead of having to begin at 1).

Possible Activities:
Counting on Cup
Count on Two More
Show One More
Nearby Numbers (1 digit)
Nearby Teen Numbers
Nearby Numbers (2 digit)
Cross the Decade

Kindergarten Math Bundle

K.CC.3 Write numbers from 0 to 20. Represent a number of objects with a written numeral 0-20 (with 0 representing a count of no objects).

Possible Activities:
Show it Three Ways
Race to Trace (1-6)
Race to Trace (2-12)
Race to Trace (11-22)
Dice Race
Writing Numerals 1-10
More Handwriting 1-9
Handwriting 11-20
Rep. Numbers in 3 Ways

Missing Numbers 1-20

     Missing Numbers 1-10
     Missing Numbers 1-20

Count to tell the number of objects
K.CC.4 Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality.
a. When counting objects, say the number names in the standard order, pairing each object with one and only one number name and each number name with one and only one object.
b. Understand that the last number name said tells the number of objects counted. The number of objects is the same regardless of their arrangement or the order in which they were counted.
c. Understand that each successive number name refers to a quantity that is one larger.

Possible Activities:
My Counting Book (print double sided)
Five Frame Match
Five Frame Flash
Five Frame Numeral Match
Five Frame Concentration

Ten Frame Dice Match
Ten Frame Flash
Ten Frame Numeral Match
Fill the Frame (1-10)
Fill the Frames (1-20)

K.CC.5 Count to answer “how many?” questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 1-20, count out that many objects.

Possible Activities:
0-10 Numeral, Word, Picture Cards 
Counting Bear Count
Pattern Block Count (ver. 1)
Pattern Block Count (ver. 2)
Lego Count
Domino Jigsaws
Number Jigsaws
Counting Cup
Playdough Numbers

Playdough Numbers

Math Read Aloud Task Cards:

Ten Black Dots
The Very Hungry Caterpillar
The Enormous Watermelon
Rooster's Off to See the World

Ten Black Dots
The Hungry Caterpillar
The Enormous Watermelo
Favorite Counting Read Alouds for Kindergarten!

Compare numbers
K.CC.6 Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group
Possible Activities:
Who Has More?
Who Has Less?
Show One Less
Greater Than/Less Than

K.CC.7 Compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals.
Greater Than
Less Than

Kindergarten E-Books (click on a cover for more information)

Kindergarten Math Journals
Counting Rhymes
MathProjects K-2
K-2 Addition and Subtraction Strategies


Understand addition as putting together and adding to, and understand subtraction as taking apart and taking from
Represent addition and subtraction with objects, fingers, mental images, drawings, sounds (e.g., claps), acting out situations, verbal explanations, expressions, or equations.

Possible Activities:
Addition Plate
Bears in the Cave
Make 5 on the Five Frame

The biggest enemy to learning is the talking teacher.

~ John Holt

K.OA.2 Solve addition and subtraction word problems, and add and subtract within 10, e.g. by using objects or drawings to represent the problem.

Possible Activities:
Dot Card Addition 
Part Whole Mats
Domino Addition
My Ten Frame Riddle

Dot Card Addition

K.OA.3 Decompose numbers less than or equal to 10 into pairs in more than one way, e.g. by using objects or drawings, and record each decomposition by a drawing or equation (e.g. 5= 2 + 3 and 5 = 4+1)

Possible Activities:
Addition Bag
Hide the Cubes
Make 10 on the Ten Frame
5 Little Ducks 
5 Gingerbread Men 
10 Oranges

Ten Flashing Fireflies

Ten Flashing Fireflies  

Mouse Count

Mouse Count

K.OA.4 For any number from 1 to 9, find the number that makes 10 when added to the given number, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record the answer with a drawing or equation.
Possible Activities:
Facts of Ten
Sums of Ten
Make 10
Making Apple Ten Packs

K.OA.5 Fluently add and subtract within five
Sums of Five
Five Squares
Facts of Five
Shake 5 and Spill


Work with numbers 11-19 to gain foundations for place value
K.NBT.1 Compose and decompose numbers from 11 to 19 into ten ones and some further ones, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record each composition or decomposition by a drawing or equation (e.g. 18 = 10 + 8); understand that these numbers are composed of ten ones and one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, or nine ones.

Possible Activities:
Teen Counting Cup
Ten Frame Teens
Ten Ones and More Ones
Teen Match
Teens on the Rekenrek
11-19 Puzzles
My Teens on the Ten Frame Book (ver. 1)
Dot and Numeral Cards (11-19) 

More Kindergarten Number Read Alouds

More Kindergarten Number Resources

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