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Free Number Puzzles 1-10

This page provides examples of Kindergarten Number Activities aligned with the Common Core State Standards. All activities are suitable for use in  Math Centers, small group or whole class settings and are designed to  provide opportunities for students to communicate their reasoning and  mathematical thinking. All files for the Kindergarten Number Activities listed are in PDF format and can be accessed using Adobe Reader.

Counting Rhymes
K Math Journals
K-2 Math tool Kit
Kindergarten Math Bundle


Know number names and count sequence
Count to 100 by ones and by tens.

K. CC.2 Count forward beginning from a given number within the known sequence (instead of having to begin at 1).

K.CC.3 Write numbers from 0 to 20. Represent a number of objects with a written numeral 0-20 (with
0 representing a count of no objects).

Count to tell the number of objects
K.CC.4 Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality.
a. When counting objects, say the number names in the standard order, pairing each object with one and only one number name and each number name with one and only one object.
b. Understand that the last number name said tells the number of objects counted. The number of objects is the same regardless of their arrangement or the order in which they were counted.
c. Understand that each successive number name refers to a quantity that is one larger.

K.CC.5 Count to answer “how many?” questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 1-20, count out that many objects.

Compare numbers
K.CC.6 Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group 
Possible Activities:
Who Has More?
Who Has Less?
Show One Less
Greater Than/Less Than

K.CC.7 Compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals.
Greater Than
Less Than

Kindergarten Number Read Alouds


Understand addition as putting together and adding to, and understand subtraction as taking apart and taking from
Represent addition and subtraction with objects, fingers, mental images, drawings, sounds (e.g., claps), acting out situations, verbal explanations, expressions, or equations.
Possible Activities:
Addition Plate
Bears in the Cave
Make 5 on the Five Frame

K.OA.2 Solve addition and subtraction word problems, and add and subtract within 10, e.g. by using objects or drawings to represent the problem.

K.OA.3 Decompose numbers less than or equal to 10 into pairs in more than one way, e.g. by using objects or drawings, and record each decomposition by a drawing or equation (e.g. 5= 2 + 3 and 5 = 4+1)

K.OA.4 For any number from 1 to 9, find the number that makes 10 when added to the given number, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record the answer with a drawing or equation.
Possible Activities:
Facts of Ten
Sums of Ten
Make 10
Making Apple Ten Packs

K.OA.5 Fluently add and subtract within five
Sums of Five
Five Squares
Facts of Five
Shake 5 and Spill


Work with numbers 11-19 to gain foundations for place value
K.NBT.1 Compose and decompose numbers from 11 to 19 into ten ones and some further ones, e.g.,
by using objects or drawings, and record each composition or decomposition by a drawing or equation
(e.g. 18 = 10 + 8); understand that these numbers are composed of ten ones and one, two, three, four, five, six, seven,eight, or nine ones.

Kindergarten Math Manipulatives

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