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Kindergarten Math Activities: Number

Free Number Puzzles

This page provides examples of Kindergarten Number Activities aligned with the Common Core State Standards. All activities are suitable for use in Math Centers, small group or whole class settings and are designed to provide opportunities for students to communicate their reasoning and mathematical thinking. All files for the Kindergarten Number Activities listed are in PDF format and can be accessed using Adobe Reader.


                        KINDERGARTEN MATH ACTIVITIES: COUNTING AND CARDINALITY

K.CC1 Count to 100 by ones and by tens.
Possible Activities:

Number Puzzles 1-10
Missing Number Game
Missing Number Before, After, Between
Counting Rhymes
Counting Read Alouds
Counting Bear Count
Pattern Block Count 1
Pattern Block Count 2
Lego Count

Number Puzzles 1-10

K. CC2 Count forward beginning from a given number within the known sequence (instead of having to begin at 1).

Possible Activities:
Counting on Cup
Count on Two More
Show One More
One More on the Ten Frame
Nearby Teens Game
Cross the Decade

K.CC3 Write numbers from 0 to 20. Represent a number of objects with a written numeral 0-20 (with 0 representing a count of no objects).

Possible Activities:
Race to Trace (1-6)
Race to Trace (2-12)
Race to Trace (11-22)
Dice Race
Representing Numbers in 3 Ways
Numeral Handwriting Sheets 1-10

More Handwriting 1-9
Handwriting Sheets 11-20

Missing Numbers 1-20

       Missing Numbers (1-10)
       Missing Numbers (1-20)

Count to tell the number of objects
K.CC4 Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality.
a. When counting objects, say the number names in the standard order, pairing each object with one and only one number name and each number name with one and only one object.
b. Understand that the last number name said tells the number of objects counted. The number of objects is the same regardless of their arrangement or the order in which they were counted.
c. Understand that each successive number name refers to a quantity that is one larger.

Possible Activities:
My Counting Book (print double sided)
Five Frame Match
Five Frame Flash
Five Frame Numeral Match
Five Frame Concentration
Blank Five Frame

Ten Frame Dice Match
Ten Frame Flash
Ten Frame Numeral Match
Fill the Frame (1-10)
Fill the Frames (1-20).

K.CC5 Count to answer “how many?” questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 1-20, count out that many objects.

Possible Activities:
Picture, Numeral Word Match Cards (0-10)  
Domino Jigsaws
Number Jigsaws
Counting Cup
Playdough Numbers

Playdough Numbers

Math Read Aloud Task Cards:

Ten Black Dots

Ten Black Dots

The Hungry Caterpillar

The Very Hungry Caterpillar

The Enormous Watermelo

Enormous Watermelon

Favorite Counting Read Alouds for Kindergarten!

Rooster's Off to See the World

Compare numbers
K.CC6 Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group
Possible Activities:
Greater Than/Less Than

K.CC7 Compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals.
Greater Than
Less Than

Kindergarten E-Books (click on a cover for more information)

Kindergarten Math Journals
Counting Rhymes
MathProjects K-2
K-2 Addition and Subtraction Strategies

                KINDERGARTEN MATH ACTIVITIES: OPERATIONS AND ALGEBRAIC THINKING

Understand addition as putting together and adding to, and understand subtraction as taking apart and taking from
K.OA1
Represent addition and subtraction with objects, fingers, mental images, drawings, sounds (e.g., claps), acting out situations, verbal explanations, expressions, or equations.

Possible Activities:
Addition Plate
How Many Bears in the Cave?
Build Five Towers
Make 5 on the Five Frame

K.OA2 Solve addition and subtraction word problems, and add and subtract within 10, e.g. by using objects or drawings to represent the problem.

Possible Activities:
Dot Card Addition Dot Cards 1-12
Part Whole Mats
Domino Addition
My Ten Frame Riddle

K.OA3 Decompose numbers less than or equal to 10 into pairs in more than one way, e.g. by using objects or drawings, and record each decomposition by a drawing or equation (e.g. 5= 2 + 3 and 5 = 4+1)

Possible Activities:
Addition Bag
Hide the Cubes
Make 10 on the Ten Frame
5 Little Ducks
5 Gingerbread Men
10 Oranges

Math Read Aloud Task Cards:

Ten Flashing Fireflies
Mouse Count

  Ten Flashing Fireflies                          Mouse Count

K.OA4 For any number from 1 to 9, find the number that makes 10 when added to the given number, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record the answer with a drawing or equation.

Possible Activities:
Facts of Ten
Make 10
Making Apple Ten Packs

K.OA5 Fluently add and subtract within five
Sums of Five
Five Squares
Facts of Five
Shake 5 and Spill


              KINDERGARTEN MATH ACTIVITIES: NUMBERS AND OPERATIONS IN BASE TEN

Work with numbers 11-19 to gain foundations for place value
K.NBT1 Compose and decompose numbers from 11 to 19 into ten ones and some further ones, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record each composition or decomposition by a drawing or equation (e.g. 18 = 10 + 8); understand that these numbers are composed of ten ones and one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, or nine ones.

Possible Activities:
11-19 Puzzles
Dot and Numeral Cards (11-20)
Cubes on the Ten Frame
Teens on the Ten Frame
Teens on the Ten Frame Book 1
Teens on the Ten Frame Book 2

Tens and Ones with Unifix Cubes
My Double Ten-Frame Riddle
Teens on the Rekenrek


More Kindergarten Number Read Alouds


More Kindergarten Number Resources


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