4th Grade Measurement and Data

This page provides examples of 4th Grade Measurement and Data Activities aligned with the Common Core State Standards. These activities are designed to elicit a range of responses and provide opportunities for students to communicate their reasoning and mathematical thinking. All activities are suitable for use in Math Centers, small group or whole class settings. All files  are in PDF format and can be accessed using Adobe Reader

Solve problems involving measurement and conversion of measurements from a larger unit to a smaller unit
4.MD.1 Know relative sizes of measurement units within one system of units including km, m, cm; kg, g; lb, oz; l, ml; hr, min, sec. Within a single system of measurement, express measurements in a larger unit terms of a smaller unit. Record measurement equivalents in a two-column table. For example, know that 1 ft is 12 times as long as 1 in. Express the length of a 4ft snake as 48in. Generate a conversion table for feet and inches listing the number pairs (1,12), (2,24), (3,36)…

If You Were a Quart or a Liter, you could be a carton of ice cream, a jug of juice, or a can of motor oil. What else could you be if you were a quart or a liter?

4.MD.2 Use the four operations to solve word problems involving distances, intervals of time, liquid volumes, masses of objects, and money, including problems involving simple fractions of decimals, and problems that require expressing measurements given in a large unit in terms of a smaller unit. Represent measurement quantities using diagrams such as number line diagrams that feature a measurement scale.

4.MD.3 Apply the area and perimeter formulas for rectangles in real world and mathematical problems. For example, find the width of a rectangular room given the area of the flooring and the length, by viewing the area formula as a multiplication equation with an unknown factor.

 Spaghetti and Meatballs for All! presents concepts of area and perimeter in a real-world context.  Mrs. Comfort carefully arranges eight tables and 32 chairs for a family reunion dinner. Then the guests arrive with their own seating plans! Use this book as a starting point for exploring whether shapes with the same area can have different perimeters, and vice versa.

Represent and interpret data
4.MD.4 Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (1/2, ¼, 1/8). Solve problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions by using information presented in line plots. For example, from a line plot find and interpret the difference in length between the longest and shortest specimens in an insect collection.
Possible Activities:
Length of Ants Line Plot
Objects in My Desk Line Plot

Geometric measurement: understand concepts of angle and measure angles
4.MD.5 Recognize angles as geometric shapes that are formed whenever two rays share a common endpoint, and understand concepts of angle measurement:
a. An angle is measured with reference to a circle with its center at the common endpoint of the rays, by considering the fraction of the circular arc between the points where the two rays intersect the circle. An angle that turns 1/360 of a circle is called a “one-degree angle,” and can be used to measure angles.
b. An angle that turns through n one-degree angles is said to have an angle measure of n degrees.

Angles in Circles 4.MD.5

Related Standard: See 4.G.1
Draw points, lines, line segments, rays, angles (right, acute, obtuse), and perpendicular and parallel lines. Identify these in two-dimensional figures.

4.MD.6 Measure angles in whole-number degrees using a protractor. Sketch angles of specified measure.

Sir Cumference and the Great  Knight of Angleland tells the story of Radius, the son of Sir Cumference and Lady Di of Ameter, and his quest to become a knight. Radius uses geometry and his knowledge of different  kinds of angles to help him in his adventures. Use this book to introduce the concept of angles and the use of a protractor.

4.MD.7 Recognize angle measure as additive. When an angle is decomposed into non-overlapping parts, the angle measure of the whole is the sum of the angle measures of the parts. Solve addition and subtraction problems to find unknown angles on a diagram in real world and mathematical problems, e.g., by using an equation with a symbol for the unknown angle measure.

More 4th Grade Measurement and Data Resources

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