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1st Grade Number Activities

This page provides examples of 1st Grade Number Activities aligned with the Common Core State Standards. All activities are suitable for use in Math Centers, small groups, or whole class settings and are designed to provide opportunities for students to communicate their reasoning and mathematical thinking. All files for the 1st Grade Number Activities listed are in PDF format and can be accessed using Adobe Reader.


                 1st GRADE NUMBER ACTIVITIES: OPERATIONS AND ALGEBRAIC THINKING

Represent and solve problems involving addition and subtraction
1.OA1 Use addition and subtraction within 20 to solve one and two step word problems involving situations of adding to, taking from, putting together, taking apart, and comparing, with unknowns in all positions, e.g. by using drawings and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem.

Possible Activities:
Addition and Subtraction Word Problems to 20 (mixed)
Add to: Change Unknown Problems to 20
Bunk Bed Problem
Double Decker Bus Problem

Making Apple Ten Packs

Read Aloud Task Cards:
One Duck Stuck
The Very Hungry Caterpillar
One Hunter
Rooster's Off to See the World
Two of Everything

1st Grade Word Problems to 20

1.OA2 Solve word problems that call for addition of three whole numbers whose sum is less than or equal to 20, e.g. by using objects, drawings, and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem.

Three Addends Word Problems (to 20)

Possible Activities:
Three Addends Word Problems to 20
Find 3 Cards
Three Letter Addends

Understand and apply properties of operations and the relationship between addition and subtraction
1.OA3 Apply properties of operations as strategies to add and subtract. Examples: If 8+3=11 is known, then 3+8=11 is also known. (Commutative property) To add 2+6+4, the second two numbers can be added to make a ten, so 2+6+4=2+10=12 (Associative property).

Possible Activities:
Turn Around Trains
Turn Around Dominoes
Domino Fact Families

1.OA4 Understand subtraction as an unknown-addend problem. For example, subtract 10-8 by finding the number that makes 10 when added to 8.
Possible Activities:
Ten Frame Subtraction
Subtract from 10


Add and subtract within 20
1.OA5 Relate counting to addition and subtraction (e.g. by counting on 2 to add 2).

Possible Activities:
Show One More
Show One Less
One More/One Less Scoop

1st Grade Math Bundle

1.OA6 Add and subtract within 20, demonstrating fluency for addition and subtraction within 10. Use strategies such as counting on; making ten (e.g. 8+6=8+2+4=10+4=14); decomposing a number leading to a ten (e.g., 13-4=13-3-1=10-1=9); using the relationship between addition and subtraction (e.g. knowing that 8+4=12, one knows 12-8=4); and creating equivalent but easier or known sums (e.g., adding 6+7 by creating the known equivalent 6+6+1 =12+1=13).

Possible Activities:
Missing Addend Cards
Dot Card Addition
Addition Domino Train
Plus One (ver. 1)
Plus One (ver. 2)
Doubles Towers
Doubles Path
Doubles Concentration
Cuisenaire Doubles 
Find Ten 
Ten Frame Fill 
Make Ten

Domino Addition

Facts of Ten
Make 10 on the Ten Frame
Make 10 Squares
Sums of Ten
Make 10 with Cuisenaire Rods
Math Fact Sort
Number Sentence Match
Fact Family House
Build a Cuisenaire House
Four in a Row Subtraction
Race to 50

1st Grade E-Books (click on a cover for more information)

1st Grade Math Journals
Math Projects K-2
Counting Rhymes
k-2 Addition and Subtraction Strategies

Work with addition and subtraction equations
1.OA7 Understand the meaning of the equal sign, and determine if equations involving addition and subtraction are true or false. For example, which of the following equations are true and which are false? 6=6, 7=8-1, 5+2=2+5 , 4+1=5+2
Possible Activities:
True or False?
Equal Sums

1.OA8 Determine the unknown whole number in an addition or subtraction equation relating to three whole numbers. For example, determine the unknown number that makes the equation true in each of the equations 8+ ? =11, 5 = □ – 3, 6+6 = □
Possible Activities:
Find the Missing Number

             1st GRADE NUMBER ACTIVITIES: NUMBER AND OPERATIONS IN BASE TEN

Extend the counting sequence
1.NBT1 Count to 120, starting at any number less than 120. In this range, read and write numerals and represent a number of objects with a written numeral.
Possible Activities:
Missing Number Grids 1-50

Understand place value
1.NBT2 Understand that the two digits of a two-digit number represent amounts of tens and ones.Understand the following as special cases:
a. 10 can be thought of as a bundle of ten ones – called a “ten.”
b. The numbers from 11 to 19 are composed of a ten and one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, or nine ones.
c. The numbers 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90 refer to one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, or nine tens (and 0 ones).

Possible Activities:
Build a Train
My Teens on the Ten Frame Book
Tens and Ones with Snap Cubes
Make 10 Bundles
My Double Ten-Frame Riddle
Tens and Ones Game
Representing Two Digit Numbers
Base Ten Concentration (2 Digit)

1st Grade Number Activities

1.NBT3 Compare two two-digit numbers based on meanings of the tens and ones digits, recording the results of comparisons with the symbols >, =, and <.
Possible Activities:
Ten Frame Compare
Comparing Two Digit Numbers
Scoop It


Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract
1.NBT4 Add within 100, including adding a two-digit number and a one-digit number, and adding a two-digit number and a multiple of 10, using concrete models or drawings and strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction; relate the strategy to a written method and explain the reasoning used. Understand that in adding two-digit numbers, one adds tens and tens, ones and ones, and sometimes it is necessary to compose a ten.

Possible Activities:
Adding 10s to a 2-Digit Number 
Adding a Multiple of 10 ver.1
Sums of 90 
Add and Subtract 10 on the Number Line
What Number is...?
Adding Sets of Ten

Adding 2 Digit and One Digit Numbers
Addition Split (2 digit + multiple of 10)
Lucky Six

1.NBT5 Given a two-digit number, mentally find 10 more or 10 less than the number, without having to count; explain the reasoning used.
Possible Activities:
Ten More
Race Around (-10) ver.1

1.NBT6 Subtract multiples of 10 in the range 10-90 from multiples of 10 in the range 10-90 (positive or zero differences), using concrete models or drawings and strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction; relate the strategy to a written method and explain the reasoning used.
Possible Activities:
Subtracting Sets of Ten
Subtracting Multiples of Ten


More 1st Grade Number Read-Alouds


More 1st Grade Number Resources



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