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3rd Grade Measurement and Data

This page provides examples of 3rd Grade Measurement and Data Activities aligned with the Common Core State Standards. These activities are designed to elicit a range of responses and provide opportunities for students to communicate their reasoning and mathematical thinking. All activities are suitable for use in Math Centers, small group or whole class settings.  All files are in PDF format and can be accessed using Adobe Reader. For examples of 4th and 5th Grade Measurement and Data Activities see the links below.

3rd Grade Measurement and Data Activities

Solve problems involving measurement and estimation of intervals of time, liquid volumes, and masses of objects.
3.MD1 Tell and write time to the nearest minute and measure time intervals in minutes. Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of time intervals in minutes, e.g., by representing the problem on a number line diagram.
Elapsed Time Ruler
Elapsed Time Word Problems

3.MD2 Measure and estimate liquid volumes and masses of objects using standard units of grams (g), kilograms (kg), and liters (l). Add, subtract, multiply, or divide to solve one-step word problems involving masses or volumes that are given in the same units, e.g., by using drawings (such as a beaker with a measurement scale) to represent the problem.

Possible Activities:
Measuring One Liter
Weigh it Twice
Volume and Mass Word Problems
Estimating Weight
More or Less than a Liter?
Capacity Lineup

3rd Grade Measurement and Data Activities

Represent and interpret data
3.MD3 Draw a scaled picture graph and a scaled bar graph to represent a date set with several categories. Solve one-and two step “how many more” and “how many less” problems using information presented in scaled bar graphs. For example, draw a bar graph in which each square in the bar graph might represent 5 pets.
Possible Activities:
Button Bar Graph
Button Pictograph
Jake's Survey
Collecting and Representing Data     Team Data Project  (subscriber contribution)

3.MD4 Generate measurement data by measuring lengths using rulers marked with halves and fourths of an inch. Show data by making a line plot, where the horizontal scale is marked off in appropriate units- whole numbers, halves, or quarters.

Possible Activities:
Measuring to the Nearest Half Inch
Measuring to the Nearest Quarter Inch
Measuring Strips Line Plot

So many new ideas

Geometric measurement
3.MD 5 Recognize area as an attribute of plane figures and understand concepts of area measurement.
a. A square with side length 1 unit, called a “unit square”, is said to have “one square unit” of area, and can be used to measure area.
b. A plane figure which can be covered without gaps or overlaps by n unit squares is said to have an area of n square units.
Possible Activities:
Exploring Area
Area on the Geoboard

3.MD6 Measure areas by counting unit squares (square cm, square m, square in, square ft, and improvised units.
Find the Area
Area Compare
Rectangles with Color Tiles
Comparing Rectangles
Rectangular Area Cards

3.MD7 Relate area to the operations of multiplication and addition.
a. Find the area of a rectangle with whole-number side lengths by tiling it, and show that the area is the same as would be found by multiplying the side lengths.
b. Multiply side lengths to find areas of rectangles with whole-number side lengths in the context of solving real world and mathematical problems, and represent whole-number products as rectangular areas in mathematical reasoning.
Possible Activities:
Developing a Formula for the Area of a Rectangle
Area Word Problems
c. Use tiling to show in a concrete case that the area of a rectangle with whole-number side lengths a and b + c is the sum of axb and axc. Use area models to represent the distributive property in mathematical reasoning.
Possible Activities:
Jack's Rectangles

d. Recognize area as additive. Find areas of rectilinear figures by decomposing them into non-overlapping rectangles and adding the areas of the non-overlapping parts, applying this technique to solve real world problems.
Possible Activities:
Designing a Flower Bed
Area of Irregular Figures
Rectangular Robot

Geometric measurement: recognize perimeter as an attribute of plane figures and distinguish between linear and area measures
3.MD8 Solve real world and mathematical problems involving perimeters of polygons, including finding the perimeter given the side lengths, finding an unknown side length, and exhibiting rectangles with the same perimeter and different areas or with the same area and different perimeters.

Possible Activities:
Measuring Perimeter
Perimeter on the Geoboard
Perimeter with Color Tiles
Designing a Rabbit Enclosure

The Perimeter Stays the Same
The Area Stays the Same
Perimeter Word Problems

Measurement and Data Read-Alouds

More Measurement and Data Resources

3rd Grade E-Books (click on a cover for more information)

3rd Grade Math Journals
3rd Grade Math Vocabulary Resources
Math Projects Gr. 3-5
3rd grade Math Journals in Spanish

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