4th Grade Number Activities

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This page provides samples of 4th Number Activities aligned with the Common Core State Standards.  All activities are suitable for use in Math Centers, small group or whole class settings and are designed to  provide opportunities for students to communicate their reasoning and mathematical thinking. All files are in PDF format
. Sample activities listed in blue are available for immediate download. Activities listed in **grey are available in our 4th Grade Math Centers eBook.


                                 4th GRADE NUMBER ACTIVITIES: OPERATIONS AND ALGEBRAIC THINKING

Numbers of the Week Use as morning work or for homework!

Use the four operations with whole numbers to solve problems
4.OA.A.1 Interpret a multiplication equation as a comparison, e.g., interpret 35 = 5 x 7 as a statement that 35 is 5 times as many as 7 and 7 times as many as 5. Represent verbal statements of multiplicative comparisons as multiplication equations.
Sample Activity:
Multiplication as Comparison

4.OA.A.2 Multiply or divide to solve word problems involving multiplicative comparison, e.g., by using drawings and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem, distinguishing multiplicative comparison from additive comparison.
Sample Activity:
Word Problems: Multiplicative Comparison

4.OA.A.3 Solve multistep word problems posed with whole numbers and having whole-number answers using the four operations, including problems in which remainders must be interpreted. Represent these problems using equations with a letter standing for the unknown quantity. Assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation and estimation strategies including rounding.
Sample Activities:
Word Problems: Interpreting Remainders
Math Read Aloud Task Card: A Remainder of One
Also included in 4th Grade Math Centers:
** Word Problems: Multi-Step 
** Remainder Riddle

Word Problems: Multi-Step

Gain familiarity with factors and multiples
4.OAB.4 Find all factor pairs for a whole number in the range 1-100. Recognize that a whole number is a multiple of each of its factors. Determine whether a given whole number in the range 1-100 is a multiple of a given one-digit number. Determine whether a given whole number in the range 1-100 is prime or composite.
Sample Activities:
Exploring Multiples
Prime or Composite?
Also included in 4th Grade Math Centers:
** Finding all Factors of a Number
** Factor Riddles

** Prime Numbers Investigation
** Game: Climb the Factor Ladder
** Game: How Many Factors?

Generate and analyze patterns
4.OA.C.5 Generate a number or shape pattern that follows a given rule. Identify apparent features of the pattern that were not explicit in the rule itself. For example, given the rule “Add 3” and the starting number 1, generate terms in the resulting sequence and observe that the terms appear to alternate between odd and even numbers. Explain informally why the numbers will continue to alternate in this way.

Sample Activity:
Square Numbers
Also included in 4th Grade Math Centers:
** Triangular Numbers
** Number Patterns
** Patterns in Products
** Patterns in Squares
** Patterns in Rectangles

Square Numbers
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                 4th GRADE NUMBER ACTIVITIES: NUMBER AND OPERATIONS IN BASE TEN

Generalize place value understanding for multi-digit whole numbers
4.NBT.A.1 Recognize that in a multi-digit whole number, a digit in one place represents ten times what it represents in the place to its right. For example, recognize that 700÷70=10 by applying concepts of place value and division.
Sample Activity:
Comparing Digits
Also included in 4th Grade Math Centers:
** True or False? - Place Value Sort
** True or False? - Rename It!

4.NBT.A.2 Read and write multi-digit whole numbers using base-ten numerals, number names, and expanded form. Compare two multi-digit numbers based on meanings of the digits in each place, using >, =, and < symbols to record the results of comparisons.
Sample Activities:
Place Value Triangle
Numeral, Word and Expanded Form
Also included in 4th Grade Math Centers:
** What Number am I?
** Compare

4.NBT.A.3 Use place value understanding to round multi-digit whole numbers to any place.
Sample Activities:
What's the Nearest Hundred? (4-digit)
Game: Roll and Round: Nearest Hundred (4-digit)
Also included in 4th Grade Math Centers:
** What's the Nearest Ten? (3-digit)
** What's the Nearest Ten? (4-digit)
** What's the Nearest Thousand? 
** Game: Roll and Round: Nearest Ten (3-digit)

** Game: Roll and Round: Nearest Thousand (5-digit)

Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic
4.NBT.B.4 Fluently add and subtract multi-digit whole numbers using the standard algorithm.
Sample Activities:
Make the Largest Sum
Also included in 4th Grade Math Centers:
** Make the Smallest Sum
** Write and Solve
** Addition and Subtraction Board


4.NBT.B.5 Multiply a whole number of up to four digits by a one-digit whole number, and multiply two two-digit numbers, using strategies based on place value and the properties of operations. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models
Sample Activities:
Use Partial Products to Multiply (ver. 1-3)
Multiplication Strategy: Doubling and Halving
Game: Double and Halve (ver. 1)
Game: Make the Largest Product (3 x 1-digit)
Game: Multiplication Race (1 x 3-digit)
Also included in 4th Grade Math Centers:
** Model Multiplication with Base Ten Blocks
** Use an Area Model to Multiply (ver. 1-3)

** Estimate Products by Rounding
** Multiply by 10s, 100s and 1000s
** Decompose a Factor

** Game: Multiplication Race (2 x 2-digit)
** Game: Double and Halve (ver. 2)
** Game: Make the Largest Product (4 x 1-digit)
** Game: Make the Largest Product (2 x 2-digit)
** Game: Make the Smallest Product (3 x 1-digit)
** Game: Make the Smallest Product (4 x 1-digit)
** Game: Make the Smallest Product (2 x 2-digit)
** Write and Solve: Multiplication

4.NBT.B.6 Find whole-number quotients and remainders with up to four-digit dividends and one-digit divisors, using strategies based on place value, the properties of operations, and/or the relationship between multiplication and division.
Sample Activities:
Division Strategy: Partial Quotients (ver.1) 
Division Strategy: Partition the Dividend (ver. 1)
Estimate the Quotient (ver.1)
Also included in 4th Grade Math Centers:
** Division Strategy: Partial Quotients (ver. 2) 
** Who Has the Largest Quotient? (ver.1)
** Who Has the Largest Quotient? (ver. 2)
** Write It, Solve It, Check It! (ver. 1)
** Write It, Solve It, Check It! (ver. 2)
** Game: Remainders


4th Grade Number Read-Alouds


4th Grade EBooks


                                   4th GRADE NUMBER ACTIVITIES: NUMBER AND OPERATIONS - FRACTIONS

Extend understanding of fraction equivalence and ordering
4.NF.A.1 Explain why a fraction a/b is equivalent to a fraction (nxa)/(nxb) by using visual fraction models, with attention to how the number and size of the parts differ even though the two fractions themselves are the same size. Use this principle to recognize and generate equivalent fractions.
Sample Activity:
Game: Build a Fraction Wall
Also included in 4th Grade Math Centers:
** Is it Equivalent?
** Equivalent Fraction Roll

4.NF.A.2 Compare two fractions with different numerators and different denominators, e.g. by creating common denominators or numerators, or by comparing to a benchmark fraction such as ½. Recognize that comparisons are valid only when the two fractions refer to the same whole. Record the results of comparisons with comparisons with symbols >, =, or <. and justify the conclusions, e.g., by using a visual fraction model.

Sample Activities:
Birthday Fractions 
Who Ate More?
Also included in 4th Grade Math Centers:
** Snack Time
** Comparing Fractions to a Benchmark

Build fractions from unit fractions by applying and extending previous understandings of operations on whole numbers
4.NF.B.3 Understand a fraction a/b with a>1 as a sum of fractions 1/b.
a. Understand addition and subtraction of fractions as joining and separating parts referring to the same whole.
Sample Activities:
Adding Like Fractions
Subtracting Like Fractions
Math Read Aloud Task Card: Picture Pie (ver. 2)
Also included in 4th Grade Math Centers:
** Fraction Addition with Pattern Blocks
** Peter's Chocolate Bar 
** Sense or Nonsense Problems

If you can't explain it simply, you don't understand it well enough.

~ Albert Einstein

b. Decompose a fraction into a sum of fraction with the same denominator in more than one way, recording each decomposition by an equation. Justify decompositions, e.g., by using a visual fraction model. Examples: 3/8 = 1/8 + 1/8 + 1/8; 3/8 = 1/8 + 2/8; 2 1/8 = 1 + 1 + 1/8 = 8/8 + 8/8 + 1/8
Sample Activities:

Decompose a Fraction
Pizza Share 

c. Add and subtract mixed numbers with like denominators, e.g., by replacing each mixed number with an equivalent fraction, and/or by using properties of operations and the relationship between addition and subtraction. 
Included in 4th Grade Math Centers:
** Word Problems: Adding and Subtracting Mixed Numbers

d. Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions referring to the same whole and having like denominators, e.g., by using visual fraction models and equations to represent the problem.
Included in 4th Grade Math Centers:
** Word Problems: Adding and Subtracting Fractions

4.NF.B.4 Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction by a whole number:
a. Understand a fraction a/b as a multiple of 1/b. For example, use a visual fraction model to represent 5/4 as the product of 5 x (1/4), recording the conclusion by the equation 5/4 = 5 x (1/4).
Sample Activity:
Multiply a Unit Fraction by a Whole Number

b. Understand a multiple of a/b as a multiple of 1/b, and use this understanding to multiply a fraction by a whole number. For example, use a visual fraction model to express 3 x (2/5) as 6 x (1/5), recognizing this product as 6/5. (In general, n x (a/b) = (nxa)/b).
Sample Activity:
Multiply a Fraction by a Whole Number

c. Solve word problems involving multiplication of a fraction by a whole number, e.g. by using visual fraction models and equations to represent the problem. For example, if each person at a party will eat 3/8 of a pound of roast beef, and there will be 5 people at the party, how many pounds of roast beef will be needed? Between what two whole numbers does your answer lie?

Sample Activity:
Math Read Aloud Task Card: Full House
Also included in 4th Grade Math Centers:
** Word Problems: Multiply a Fraction by a Whole Number
** Word Problems: Multiply a Mixed Number by a Whole Number

Understand decimal notation for fractions, and compare decimal fractions
4.NF.C.5 Express a fraction with denominator 10 as an equivalent fraction with denominator 100, and use this technique to add two fractions with respective denominators 10 and 100. For example, express 3/10 as 30/100, and add 3/10 + 4/100 = 34/100.
Sample Activity:
Game: Sums of One
Also included in 4th Grade Math Centers:
** Adding Fractions with Denominators 10 and 100

4.NF.C.6 Use decimal notation for fractions with denominators 10 or 100. For example, rewrite 0.62 as 62/100; describe a length as 0.62 meters; locate 0.62 on a number line diagram.
Sample Activity:
Fractions and Decimals

4.NF.C.7 Compare two decimals to hundredths by reasoning about their size. Recognize that comparisons are valid only when the two decimals refer to the same whole. Record the results of comparisons with the symbols >, =, or <, and justify the conclusions, e.g., by using a visual model.
Sample Activity:
Comparing Decimals
Also included in 4th Grade Math Centers:
** Decimal Sort


More 4th Grade Number Resources


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