4th Grade Number Activities

Math IWB Resources

This page provides examples of 4th Grade Number Activities aligned with the Common Core State Standards. All activities are suitable for use in Math Centers, small group or whole class settings and are designed to elicit a range of responses and provide opportunities for students to communicate their reasoning and mathematical thinking. All files for the 4th Grade Number Activities listed are in PDF format and can be accessed using Adobe Reader.


Numbers of the Week Use as morning work or for homework!

Use the four operations with whole numbers to solve problems
4.OA.1 Interpret a multiplication equation as a comparison, e.g., interpret 35 = 5 x 7 as a statement that 35 is 5 times as many as 7 and 7 times as many as 5. Represent verbal statements of multiplicative comparisons as multiplication equations.
Possible Activities:
Multiplication Equations and Comparative Statements

4.OA2 Multiply or divide to solve word problems involving multiplicative comparison, e.g., by using drawings and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem, distinguishing multiplicative comparison from additive comparison.
Possible Activities:
Comparison Problems

4.OA3 Solve multistep word problems posed with whole numbers and having whole-number answers using the four operations, including problems in which remainders must be interpreted. Represent these problems using equations with a letter standing for the unknown quantity. Assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation and estimation strategies including rounding.
Possible Activities:
Interpret the Remainder Word Problems
Multistep Word Problems
Math Read Aloud Task Card:
A Remainder of One

Gain familiarity with factors and multiples
4.OA4 Find all factor pairs for a whole number in the range 1-100. Recognize that a whole number is a multiple of each of its factors. Determine whether a given whole number in the range 1-100 is a multiple of a given one-digit number. Determine whether a given whole number in the range 1-100 is prime or composite.
Possible Activities:
Finding Multiples
Prime or Composite?
Prime Number Hunt
Common Multiples
Least Common Multiple
Find the Factor

Generate and analyze patterns
4.OA5 Generate a number or shape pattern that follows a given rule. Identify apparent features of the pattern that were not explicit in the rule itself. For example, given the rule “Add 3” and the starting number 1, generate terms in the resulting sequence and observe that the terms appear to alternate between odd and even numbers. Explain informally why the numbers will continue to alternate in this way.
Possible Activities:
Square Numbers
Triangular Numbers


Generalize place value understanding for multi-digit whole numbers
4.NBT1 Recognize that in a multi-digit whole number, a digit in one place represents ten times what it represents in the place to its right. For example, recognize that 700÷70=10 by applying concepts of place value and division.
Place Value Problems
Place Value Chart 

4.NBT2 Read and write multi-digit whole numbers using base-ten numerals, number names, and expanded form. Compare two multi-digit numbers based on meanings of the digits in each place, using >, =, and < symbols to record the results of comparisons.
Possible Activities:
Numeral, Word and Expanded Form
Place Value Triangle

4.NBT3 Use place value understanding to round multi-digit whole numbers to any place.
Possible Activities:
Round to the Nearest Ten
Round to the Nearest Hundred

Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic
4.NBT4 Fluently add and subtract multi-digit whole numbers using the standard algorithm.
Possible Activities:

Adding and Subtracting Multi-Digit Numbers
Addition and Subtraction Number Stories

4.NBT5 Multiply a whole number of up to four digits by a one-digit whole number, and multiply two two-digit numbers, using strategies based on place value and the properties of operations. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models

4.NBT6 Find whole-number quotients and remainders with up to four-digit dividends and one-digit divisors, using strategies based on place value, the properties of operations, and/or the relationship between multiplication and division

Possible Activities:
Division Strategy: Partial Quotients (ver.1)
Division Strategy: Partial Quotients (ver. 2)
Division Strategy: Partition the Dividend (ver. 1)
Who Has the Largest Quotient? (ver.1)
Who Has the Largest Quotient? (ver. 2)

Estimate the Quotient (ver.1)
Write It, Solve It, Check It! (ver. 1)
Write It, Solve It, Check It! (ver. 2)

4th Grade Number Read-Alouds

4th Grade EBooks


Extend understanding of fraction equivalence and ordering
4.NF1 Explain why a fraction a/b is equivalent to a fraction (nxa)/(nxb) by using visual fraction models, with attention to how the number and size of the parts differ even though the two fractions themselves are the same size. Use this principle to recognize and generate equivalent fractions.
Possible Activities:
Creating Equivalent Fractions
Build a Fraction Wall Game

4.NF2 Compare two fractions with different numerators and different denominators, e.g. by creating common denominators or numerators, or by comparing to a benchmark fraction such as ½. Recognize that comparisons are valid only when the two fractions refer to the same whole. Record the results of comparisons with comparisons with symbols >, =, or <. and justify the conclusions, e.g., by using a visual fraction model.

If you can't explain it simply, you don't understand it well enough.

~ Albert Einstein

Build fractions from unit fractions by applying and extending previous understandings of operations on whole numbers
4.NF3 Understand a fraction a/b with a>1 as a sum of fractions 1/b.
a. Understand addition and subtraction of fractions as joining and separating parts referring to the same whole.

Possible Activities:
Adding & Subtracting Fractions (like denominators)
Adding Fractions Using Pattern Blocks
The Chocolate Bar Problem
Sense or Nonsense (1)
Sense or Nonsense (2)

Math Read Aloud Task Card:
Picture Pie

b. Decompose a fraction into a sum of fraction with the same denominator in more than one way, recording each decomposition by an equation. Justify decompositions, e.g., by using a visual fraction model. Examples: 3/8 = 1/8 + 1/8 + 1/8; 3/8 = 1/8 + 2/8; 2 1/8 = 1 + 1 + 1/8 = 8/8 + 8/8 + 1/8
Possible Activities:

Decomposing Fractions
Pizza Share

c. Add and subtract mixed numbers with like denominators, e.g., by replacing each mixed number with an equivalent fraction, and/or by using properties of operations and the relationship between addition and subtraction.
Possible Activities:
Mixed Number Word Problems (like denominators)
Adding Mixed Numbers
Subtracting Mixed Numbers

d. Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions referring to the same whole and having like denominators, e.g., by using visual fraction models and equations to represent the problem.
Possible Activities:

Fraction Word Problems (like denominator)
Addition Word Problems with Fractions
Subtraction Word Problems with Fractions

4.NF4 Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction by a whole number:
a. Understand a fraction a/b as a multiple of 1/b. For example, use a visual fraction model to represent 5/4 as the product of 5 x (1/4), recording the conclusion by the equation 5/4 = 5 x (1/4).
Possible Activities:
Models for Fraction Multiplication

b. Understand a multiple of a/b as a multiple of 1/b, and use this understanding to multiply a fraction by a whole number. For example, use a visual fraction model to express 3 x (2/5) as 6 x (1/5), recognizing this product as 6/5. (In general, n x (a/b) = (nxa)/b).
Possible Activities:
Multiply a Whole Number by a Fraction

c. Solve word problems involving multiplication of a fraction by a whole number, e.g. by using visual fraction models and equations to represent the problem. For example, if each person at a party will eat 3/8 of a pound of roast beef, and there will be 5 people at the party, how many pounds of roast beef will be needed? Between what two whole numbers does your answer lie?

Possible Activities:
Whole Number x Fraction Word Problems

Math Read Aloud Task Card:
Full House

Understand decimal notation for fractions, and compare decimal fractions
4.NF5 Express a fraction with denominator 10 as an equivalent fraction with denominator 100, and use this technique to add two fractions with respective denominators 10 and 100. For example, express 3/10 as 30/100, and add 3/10 + 4/100 = 34/100.
Possible Activities:
Sums of 1
Equivalent Fractions with a Denominator of 100 Problems

4.NF6 Use decimal notation for fractions with denominators 10 or 100. For example, rewrite 0.62 as 62/100; describe a length as 0.62 meters; locate 0.62 on a number line diagram.
Possible Activities:
Representing Decimals

4.NF7 Compare two decimals to hundredths by reasoning about their size. Recognize that comparisons are valid only when the two decimals refer to the same whole. Record the results of comparisons with the symbols >, =, or <, and justify the conclusions, e.g., by using a visual model.
Possible Activities:
Comparing Decimals
Decimal Sort

More 4th Grade Number Resources

Return to Home Page