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Numeration Activities

This page provides examples of Numeration activities aligned with the Early Childhood Assessment in Mathematics (ECAM) continuum for Numeration. The Numeration activities listed are suitable for partner or Math Center work and can be used by teachers or parents to support students' progress within a stage, or to promote movement to the next stage on the continuum. Resources required for some of the activities listed, such as numeral cards and Base Ten Mats, can be found on the Math Resources page.

For more information on using ECAM Centers in K-3 classrooms see the ECAM Centers page.

Stage A: These children are just beginning to recognize numerals. They may name some numerals from zero to ten. They do not yet understand the order of these numbers.

Next Steps:

  • Recognize all numerals from 0 to 10 and understand the correct order of these numbers
Playdough Numbers

Playdough Numbers

POSSIBLE ACTIVITIES

Number Puzzles 1-10
Number Jigsaws
Playdough Numbers
Magic Fan
Missing Numbers
Missing Numbers 1-10
Cover Up 1-6
Representing Numbers in 3 Ways
Dice Pattern Bingo (1-6)
Dice Pattern Bingo (2-12)
Ordering Numbers
Domino Match
Dice Race
Race to Trace (1-6)
Race to Trace (2-12)
Handwriting Sheets (1-10)
More Handwriting (1-9)
Counting Rhymes

Show it Three Ways


Stage B: These children recognize all numerals from zero to ten, and understand the correct order of these numbers.

Next Steps:

  • Recognize and compare two-digit numerals.
  • Name the number that comes after a two-digit number.

POSSIBLE ACTIVITIES

Greater Than
Less Than
Missing Number Grids (1-50)
Teens on the Ten Frame
Teens on the Ten Frame Booklet
Number Cards 11-20
Race to Trace (11-22)
Handwriting Sheets (11-20)
Comparing 2 Digit Numbers
Numeral Card Barrier Game
Barrier Game 1x3 Grid

Stage C: These children are beginning to recognize and compare many two-digit numerals. They may confuse similar ‘sounding’ numbers such as thirty and thirteen. They can tell the number that comes after a two-digit number.

Next Steps:

  • Develop an understanding of the place value of two-digit numbers
  • Understand that ten ones are grouped to form one ten
  • Order two digit numbers
  • Tell the number before a given two-digit number
Free Math Centers!

Tens and Ones Game

POSSIBLE ACTIVITIES

Tens and Ones
Tens and Ones Game
Tens and Ones Board 1
Tens and Ones Board 2
Representing 2 Digit Numbers with Base 10 Blocks
Number Grid Puzzles
Number Grid Puzzles Set 1
Build a Number Line
Number Cards 21-30
Guess My Number

Stage D: These children are beginning to understand the place value of a two-digit number. They understand that ten ones are grouped to form one ten. They can order two-digit numbers, and can tell the number before a given two-digit number.

Next Steps:

  • Recognize three-digit numerals
  • Demonstrate developing understanding of the place value of three-digit numbers
  • Compare and order numbers to 999

POSSIBLE ACTIVITIES

Representing 1, 2, and 3 Digit Numbers with Base 10 Blocks
Missing Numbers (3 Digits)
Roll 3 Digits
Place Value Challenge (3 Digits)
Number Word Concentration
Representing Numbers in Four Ways
Number Writing Barrier Game
Comparing 3 Digit Numbers
Base 10 Concentration (3 Digits)

Stage E: These children are able to recognize three-digit numerals. They have a growing understanding of the place value of three-digit numbers. They can compare and order numbers to 999.
Next Steps:

  • Recognize and order numerals beyond 1000
  • Demonstrate secure understanding of place value.

POSSIBLE ACTIVITIES

Roll 4 Digits
Place Value Challenge (4 Digits)

Stage F: These children can recognize and order numerals beyond 1000. They demonstrate a solid understanding of place value.


K Math Journals
1st Grade Math Journals
2nd Grade Math Journals
3rd Grade Math Journals


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