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Counting Activities

This page provides examples of counting activities aligned with the Early Childhood Assessment in Mathematics (ECAM) continuum for counting. These activities can be used by teachers or parents to support students' progress within a stage or to promote movement to the next stage on the continuum.
Resources required for some of the activities listed, such as dot cards, numeral cards, five frames, and ten frames can be found on the Math Resources page.

For more information on using ECAM Centers in K-3 classrooms see the ECAM Centers page.
 Stage A: These children are just beginning to learn the ‘counting by ones’ sequence. They can recite small sections of the counting sequence. When counting objects, they are just beginning to coordinate one object with each number name. Next Steps:Recite the counting sequence beyond ten Coordinate counting objects with number names to at least ten Use materials to show a given number less than ten

 Stage B: These children are confident counting to ten. They can recite the counting sequence beyond ten, coordinate counting objects with number names to at least ten and can use materials to show a given number less than ten.Next Steps:Develop proficiency in counting objects by ones beyond twenty. Count aloud to at least thirty. POSSIBLE ACTIVITIES

 Stage C: These children are proficient at counting objects by ones. They know the counting sequence to at least thirty and can coordinate counting objects with number names beyond twenty.Next Steps:Start the counting sequence at numbers other than one. Count on by ones. POSSIBLE ACTIVITIES

 Stage D: These children can mentally manipulate the ‘counting by ones’ sequence. They can start the counting sequence at numbers other than one, and count on by ones. Next Steps:Skip count in various intervals (e.g. twos, fives and tens)Count backwards by ones from twenty.

 Stage E: These children are beginning to count in various intervals (skip count). They can skip count forward by twos, fives and tens. They can count backward by ones from twenty.Next Steps:Skip count by various numbers Count by fives and tens starting at any number Count backward by ones from larger numbers POSSIBLE ACTIVITIES*Also see the Skip Counting Game on the IWB Resources K-2 Number page

 Stage F: These children are proficient with counting in various intervals. They can skip count by various numbers, and can count by fives and tens starting at any number. They can count backward by ones from larger numbers.